Basics of Public Provident Fund (PPF)

The Public Provident Fund (PPF) is a popular savings scheme introduced by the National Savings Institute of the Ministry of Finance in 1968. It is designed to help people save money for the long term while offering attractive returns and tax benefits. PPF provides a stable way to grow your savings steadily over time, protecting them from market ups and downs. It is a reliable option for planning your retirement and achieving your financial goals. The Public Provident Fund reflects the government’s commitment to encouraging savings and ensuring the financial well-being of its citizens.

Important Aspects of Public Provident Fund (PPF)

Who Can Open a Public Provident Fund Account?

  1. Only individuals residing in India are eligible to open a PPF account.
  2. Parents or guardians have the option to open PPF accounts for their minor children.
  3. Joint accounts and multiple accounts are not permitted to be opened under the PPF scheme.
  4. HUF’s & NRI’s cannot open PPF accounts, but if a resident Indian becomes an NRI after opening an account, they can continue it until maturity.

Documents Needed to Open Public Provident Fund

  1. Identity Proof: PAN card, Aadhar Card, passport, or voter ID
  2. Address Proof: Aadhar card, passport, utility bills, or rental agreement
  3. Passport-sized Photographs
  4. Nominee Information

How to Open a Public Provident Fund

  1. For Offline PPF Account Opening, You Can Approach Private Banks, Public Sector Banks, or Your Local Post Office
  2. For Online PPF Account Opening, You Can Use the Internet Banking Facilities Provided by Your Respective Banks.

Key Features of Public Provident Fund

  1. Lock-in period: The PPF account is a long-term investment option. Funds are locked in for 15 years, but withdrawals are allowed after 5 years with some limitations. The investment term can be extended in a block of 5 years after the initial 15-year period.
  2. PPF Account Interest Rate: Interest will be applied as per the Ministry of Finance’s quarterly notifications. The current rate of interest is 7.1% for Q1 of FY 2024-25. It will be calculated monthly based on the minimum balance in the account from the 5th day to month-end. Interest will be deposited into the account annually at the close of each financial year.
  3. Minimum and maximum investments: The PPF account allows a minimum annual investment of Rs. 500 and a maximum annual investment of Rs. 1.5 lakh. This applies to the combined contributions you make to your own PPF account and any PPF accounts you hold for minor(s) under your guardianship & deposits can be made in lump-sum or in ​instalments.
  4. Loan Against PPF Account: A loan against a PPF (Public Provident Fund) account allows account holders to borrow money against the balance accumulated in their PPF account. This facility provides a source of liquidity without the need to prematurely withdraw funds from the PPF, thus maintaining the long-term savings objective.
  1. You can apply for a loan before the five-year mark from the end of the year in which you initially subscribed to the account.
  2. Loan can be taken after the expiry of one year from the end of the FY in which the initial subscription was made. (i.e. A/c open during 2010-11, loan can be taken in 2012-13).
  3. A loan can be taken up to 25% of the balance credited at the end of the second year immediately preceding the year in which the loan is applied for. For example, if a loan is taken during the 2012-13 fiscal year, 25% of the balance credited on March 31, 2011, can be availed.

Points to Noted:

  1. The interest rate on the PPF loan amount is 1%.
  2. If we take a loan from the PPF account, we will not earn interest on the amount borrowed
  3. The loan from the PPF account must be repaid within 36 months (3 years) from the date of borrowing.
  4. Repaying the loan within 36 months (3 years) from the date of borrowing is crucial. Failure to clear the loan within this period results in an increased interest rate, escalating from 1% to 6%.

Extending Public Provident Fund Tenure:

PPF account matures after 15 years from the end of the financial year in which the account was opened. At the time of maturity, the account holder has the option to extend the tenure in the blocks of 5 years

Extension of Public Provident Fund with contribution:

  1. PPF account holders can extend the account indefinitely in blocks of 5 years each.
  2. To extend, subscribers need to submit a request and make further contributions using Form-4.
  3. The decision to extend with contributions must be made within one year before the maturity date; otherwise, the default choice of extension without further contributions applies.
  4. Upon extension with contributions, a maximum of 60% of the balance as of the extension date can be withdrawn.
  5. Withdrawals can be made in a lump sum or spread over multiple years.
  6. Only one withdrawal is allowed per year.

Extension of Public Provident Fund without further contribution:

  1. If no choice is made, the default option of extension without further contribution applies.
  2. There is no need to fill out a separate form to opt for this choice.
  3. Account holders are permitted a maximum of one withdrawal per financial year, up to the total balance in the account once per financial year.

Once the PPF account is renewed with or without contribution, the chosen option cannot be changed. If an incorrect option is chosen and deposits are made accordingly, no interest will be paid on those amounts. Additionally, such contributions will not be eligible for deductions under the Income Tax Act.

Taxation on Public Provident Fund:

  1. The Public Provident Fund falls under the EEE (Exempt-Exempt-Exempt) regime of taxation.
  2. Contributions to the account, up to Rs 1.5 lakh per annum, qualify for deductions under section 80C of the Income Tax Act.
  3. Interest earned and maturity proceeds are also exempt from tax.
  4. However, it is essential to declare the interest earned on the income tax return.

Navigating Public Provident Fund Account Withdrawals

When managing your Public Provident Fund (PPF) account, understanding withdrawal options is essential. Below are key details presented in a table format

WithdrawalTime PeriodReason For WithdrawalEligible Amount
At Maturity of PPF AccountAfter 15 years from the account opening, excluding the year of the initial contributionMaturityEntire Accumulated Corpus
Partial Withdrawal from PPF AccountAfter six years from the opening of the account, excluding the year of the initial contribution.For any reason50% of total available balance
Premature Closure of PPF AccountAfter five years from the opening of the account, excluding the year of the initial contributionLife-threatening disease, Children’s education, Change in residential statusTotal Corpus, but subject to a penalty of 1% on the accumulated interest.

What Happens When Contributions Are Not Made to a PPF Account: To maintain the active status of your PPF account, you must deposit a minimum of Rs 500 in it within a financial year. Failure to meet this requirement will result in the account being discontinued or deactivated. To reactivate a deactivated account, you will be required to pay Rs 50 plus Rs 500 for each financial year during which the account remained deactivated.

Building Wealth Safely: The Advantages of Public Provident Fund (PPF)

  1. Tax-Friendly: PPF enjoys an Exempt-Exempt-Exempt (EEE) tax status, meaning contributions, interest earned, and maturity amount are all exempt from income tax under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act.
  2. Guaranteed Returns: Backed by the Government of India, PPF offers attractive and fixed interest rates set by the government every quarter. This provides stability and predictability for your investment.
  3. Long-Term Savings: The 15-year lock-in period with an option to extend in blocks of 5 years encourages disciplined saving habits and helps you accumulate a good corpus for long-term goals.
  4. Flexibility: While there is a minimum annual investment requirement, you can contribute any amount up to the maximum limit per year. Partial withdrawals are also allowed after 5 years with some conditions.
  5. Loan Facility: After a certain period, you can avail a loan against your PPF balance, which can be helpful during emergencies.
  6. Safe Investment: Since it is backed by the government, PPF is a safe investment option with minimal risk.

Evaluating the Limitations of Public Provident Fund (PPF)

  1. Lock-in Period: One significant drawback of a PPF account is its long lock-in period of 15 years. Withdrawals are restricted during this period, which can be inconvenient for those needing liquidity in their investments.
  2. Low Liquidity: Although partial withdrawals are allowed after a certain period, the liquidity of funds in a PPF account is limited compared to other investment options like mutual funds
  3. Contribution Limits: The maximum annual contribution limit to a PPF account is capped by the government. This may restrict individuals with higher disposable income from fully utilizing the potential of this investment avenue.
  4. Interest Rate Fluctuations: The interest rate on PPF accounts is subject to change periodically based on government notifications. Fluctuations in interest rates can affect the overall returns on investment.

Comparing Investment Options: PPF vs. Fixed Deposits, Tax Saving Fixed Deposits, Mutual Funds, and ELSS Compared

ParticularsPublic Provident Fund (PPF)Fixed Deposit’sTax Saving Fixed Deposit
SafetyHigh (Government Guaranteed)High (Deposits Up to ₹ 5 Lakhs Insured)High (Backed by Banks & Guaranteed Returns)
ReturnsModerate (Fixed Interest Rate Set by the Government)Moderate (Fixed Interest Rate Offered by the Banks)
Lock-In-Period15 Years (With Extension Option)Flexible (Varies Depending on Chosen Term)5 Years (Limited Access to Your Money)
LiquidityLow (Partial Withdrawal Allowed After 5 Years)Low To Moderate (Penalty Applies on Early Withdrawal)
Tax BenefitsExempt From Tax on Investment, Interest & MaturityInterest Income TaxableDeductible Under Section 80C, But Interest Earned is Taxable
ConclusionPPF is a safe, long-term investment option ideal for those seeking guaranteed returns and tax benefits. However, the lock-in period is long, and returns may not outpace inflation.FDs offer a fixed return and some flexibility in terms of lock-in period. However, returns might be lower than inflation, and tax applies to the interest earned.A good option for risk-averse investors seeking guaranteed returns and tax savings for short-term goals with a 5-year lock-in on their investment.
ParticularsMutual FundsEquity Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS)
SafetyVaries Depending Upon Fund TypeModerate (Invests in Stocks, So Risk is Involved)
ReturnsPotentially High (Depends on Market Performance)
Lock-In-PeriodNone (Except for ELSS)3 Years
LiquidityModerate To High (Depends Upon Fund Type)Moderate (After Lock in Period)
Tax BenefitsTax Saving Options Available (ELSS Qualifies for Section 80C Deduction) & long-term capital gains exceeding ₹ 1 lakh per year taxed at 10%
ConclusionMutual funds offer a diversified pool of investments and the potential for high returns. However, they also carry market risk, and returns are not guaranteed.

A Public Provident Fund account offers a compelling mix of benefits, making it a valuable tool for long-term financial planning. The guaranteed returns, tax advantages, and government backing provide peace of mind and security for your investment. The long lock-in period fosters disciplined saving and helps accumulate a sizable corpus for retirement or other long-term goals.

However, it is crucial to consider the limitations as well. The low liquidity and fixed interest rates might not be ideal for everyone.  If you have short-term financial needs or are seeking high-growth potential, other investment options might be more suitable.

Ultimately, the decision to invest in PPF depends on your individual financial goals and risk tolerance.  If you prioritize security, tax benefits, and guaranteed returns over immediate access and potentially higher returns, then a PPF account can be a solid foundation for your long-term investment strategy.

Are you seeking a secure and tax-efficient investment option for long-term financial goals? Look no further than the Public Provident Fund (PPF) it is crucial to explore diverse investment avenues to ensure your well-diversified and resilient against market fluctuations. The Public Provident Fund offers a unique blend of safety, tax benefits, and attractive returns, making it a cornerstone of sound financial planning.

Do not miss out on this opportunity to optimize your investment strategies and secure financial well-being. Schedule a free introductory call today with us for personalized guidance tailored to your unique situation and goals. it is the smart choice for a brighter tomorrow!


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